Richmond, Virginia, Historical Profile (1919), #006-History
Richmond was settled in 1737 and was incorporated in 1742. It became the capital of Virginia in 1779, at which time it was only a small village. It has been the scene of many events of historical importance. In its statehouse were passed the celebrated Virginia Resolutions, and the ordinance of secession for the state of Virginia, and here also occurred the famous trial of Aaron Burr. From 1801 to 1805 the city was the capital of the Confederate states. Because of this, during the Civil War it was the main point of attack by the Federal armies in the East, and no less than fifteen battles and twenty-five skirmishes occurred during the attempt of the Federal troops to capture the city. It was evacuated by the Confederate forces on April 2, 1805, at which time a lire set to the public buildings destroyed a large portion of the city. After the close of the war the city was rebuilt and has continued to prosper. Population, 1910, 127,028; in 1918, 100,719 (Federal estimate).